As a result of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, there has been an increase in financial fraud exploiting people’s fears, targeting pension savers and investors online.
New research reveals one in five (22%) have received emails, texts, phone calls and other communications that mentioned coronavirus and which they suspected to be a financial scam. Thich equates to around 11.7 million people in the UK.
Negatively affected mental health
Almost half (46%) of those who received a communication they suspected to be a financial scam didn’t report it. The most common (41%) reason given was because they didn’t know who to report it to. One in 12 (8%) has been the victim of a financial scam related to coronavirus. Four in five (78%) victims said the fraudsters pretended to be from a company they already deal with, and 41% said the experience negatively affected their mental health.
The Government and UK Finance-led ‘Take Five to Stop Fraud’ campaign website contains lots of useful information. It offers straightforward, impartial advice that helps prevent email, phone-based and online fraud – particularly where criminals impersonate trusted organisations.
Current tactics fraudsters and scammers might use during the coronavirus pandemic:
Fixed-rate investment scams
Criminal organisations have impersonated a number of firms proposing financial products offering an attractive, but not suspiciously high, return of around 3–5% per annum. As many are fixed-income bonds paying quarterly dividends, the victim is often not alerted to the scam until the first payment fails to materialise.
Price comparison websites
Use of fraudulent, and possibly some genuine, ‘impartial’ price comparison websites to generate interest from members of the public. Some of these opportunities can be found via sponsored links on Google or Facebook.
Use of email addresses that resemble those of staff at legitimate firms, and in some cases have used the names of genuine members of staff.
Loans and credit
Exploiting short-term financial concerns, scammers may ask you to hand over an upfront fee – usually between £25 and £450 – when applying for a loan or credit that you never receive. This is known as ‘loan fee fraud’ or ‘advance fee fraud’.
Good cause scams
This is where investment is sought for good causes such as the production of sanitiser, manufacture of personal protection equipment (PPE) or new drugs to treat coronavirus. They use the promise of high returns to entice consumers.
Using the uncertainty around stock markets, scammers may advise you to invest or transfer existing investments into non-standard investments.
Claims Management Company
Someone may contact you claiming to be from a Claims Management Company (CMC), insurance company or your credit card provider. They may say they can help you recuperate losses by submitting a claim for the cost of a holiday or event, such as a wedding, which was cancelled due to coronavirus. They will ask you to send them some money or your bank details.
Cold calls, emails, or text messages stating that your bank is in trouble due to the coronavirus crisis, and pushing you to transfer your money to a new bank with alternative banking details.
How to protect yourself:
Unscrupulous nature of fraudsters
If further evidence were needed to expose such financial fraud used to prey on people’s fears, the research shows that suspicious communications that relate to health insurance have increased by 15% since the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. There were also increases in suspicious communications linked to life insurance (10%), pensions (3%) and annuities (2%).
So beware if the phone rings, and a friendly-sounding stranger starts asking if you have a moment to learn how to triple your money by investing in gold or investment bonds offering a very attractive rate of return. Or you receive an email urging you to buy the shares of a company whose price is certain to go through the roof. If it sounds too good to be true, that’s because it is. Remember, caveat emptor: ‘let the buyer beware’.
 Research, conducted by Censuswide for Aviva with a sample of 2,009 nationally representative respondents, categorised the pandemic time frame between 1 March 2020 and 15 June 2020, with the pre-pandemic time frame categorised as 1 January 2019 and 28 February 2020. Censuswide abides by and employs members of the Market Research Society which is based on the ESOMAR principles.